Recommendations

Macrosomy (fetal growth): Causes, Risks and Prevention


What makes a baby weigh heavily? Who should pay special attention during pregnancy? The most important thing to know about macrosummy.

Macrosomy: When will the baby need more weight?


THE makroszуmia (or other name fetal growth, macrosomia), the newborn's body weight is greater than 90% (> 90th percentile) of the baby born at the same week of pregnancy.

What is the average fetal body weight?

The ideal birth weight at week 40 between 2700 and 4000 g.THE Babies weighing more than 4 kg can give birth to a large fetus, and babies over 5 kg can carry a Uriare counted.

What could be the cause of the macrosmith?

In rare cases, some genetic disease is found in the back. Such genetic causes may be, for example, a Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome. Children born with this disorder come to life with greater body size and length, and their body is much faster than their counterparts, and their internal organs are affected. genetic factors one must emphasize that for babies born with greater weight and body size can also give birth to a baby with a higher body weight.The most common cause of macrosomy is, however, mostly the mother has inadequately treated or neglected diabetes. In this case, the fetus risk of growth 40%and, unfortunately, account must also be taken of complications occurring during birth. Special attention should be paid to the problem of so-called gestational diabetes, since 90% of pregnant women with diabetes suffer from gestational diabetes. weekly with oral glucose tolerance test. If your mother is diagnosed with gestational diabetes, you should continue to have diabetes, and your doctor should strictly control your diabetes and your treatment. leading to an increase in insulin secretion. Because it is insulin is a powerful growth hormone, so that the growth of the fetus accelerates.

Other risk factors for macrosomy

What about children whose mothers are not diabetic and still have a high birth weight? What could have caused the problem in these cases? According to previous studies at St. Imre's Hospital, fetal macrosomy is a proven risk factor Among those - if the mother is not diabetic - the following are mentioned: - the mother's age (international studies mention age over 35)
- the mother's high height
- high body mass index of mother (if mother is excessive)
- Macrosome fetuses born in previous pregnancies
- the girl was born
- the older week of birth (carry-over fetuses)

You are what you eat?

From time to time the question arises whether to what extent does the mother's diet affect the weight and height of the fetus?Many believe that the dietary composition of today, the methods used in animal husbandry and cropping have changed a great deal over the past decades, which may adversely affect fetal development. However, you should be very careful about these, as thorough, lengthy examinations are needed to make sure this is a gentle request.Czeizel Endrewe know that according to a study of 6,000 people, who were constantly taking vitamin A, weighs only 74 g babies were born like those who were not. Thus, pregnancy vitamins do not cause significant weight gain.

Can Macrosomy Be Dangerous?

Carrying a heavier fetus can put a strain on the mother's body, circulate and lead to countless complications. In addition, giving birth to the baby through the vagina can pose a greater risk (danger of death), so these babies are often born with cesarean section and have more . Larger words can also lead to heart failure. These children may also experience frequent postpartum respiratory distress. Macrosympathetic babies may experience development of the nervous system, and - with the cessation of sugar-starvation - following the birth low blood sugar. Hypoglycemia can cause a myriad of unpleasant symptoms: the baby is irritable, has difficulty breastfeeding or has poor muscle tone.These articles are also related to macrosome and fetal development:
  • Development of the fetus
  • How big is the fetus just now?
  • Weather can also affect your baby's birth rate